CREMLIN targets at all 6 Russian Megascience Projects
More detailed and updated information on these 6 projects and the status of their implementation is provided here:
CREMLIN has been triggered by the Russian Government’s megascience projects initiative, which is actively seeking cooperation and integration opportunities with Europe. The proposed megascience facilities have an enormous potential for the European and international scientific communities and represent a unique opportunity for the EU to engage in a strong collaborative framework with the Russian Federation.
- Powerful Research Reactor PIK, NRC KI PNPI, Gatchina
- Ion Collider Facility NICA, JINR, Dubna
- Fourth Generation SR Source SSRS-4, NRC KI, Moscow
- High Power Laser XCELS, IAP RAS, Nizhniy Novgorod
- Lepton Collider STC, BINP, Novosibirsk
- Fusion Project IGNITOR, NRC KI, Moscow
One of the objectives of CREMLIN is to establish an effective exchange platform for sharing findings and results within each respective Russian megascience project, and to stimulate and ensure a process of mutual learning across the various science disciplines and European and Russian communities. The aim is to contribute to exploiting the huge potential of the Russian megascience projects for the EU-Russian cooperation.
Powerful Research Reactor PIK, NRC KI PNPI, Gatchina
Location: NRC "Kurchatov Institute" - PNPI, Gatchina, Leningradskaya oblast
Initiating organization: NRC "Kurchatov Institute"
Period of project implementation: 2011-2022
Costs of the mega-science project: Overall costs of construction of the PIK reactor amounts to approximately 60 billion rubles in prices of the year 2015. The cost of the infrastructure for scientific research is estimated to be around 15 billion rubles. The cost connected with the operation of the reactor and its scientific infrastructure amounts to approximately 1 billion rubles per year.
Brief description, the primary purpose of the construction: The project "International Center for Neutron Research based on a high-flux research reactor PIK" (hereinafter referred to as PIK Neutron Research Facility) focuses on conducting fundamental and applied research in various domains of science and technology. PIK Neutron Research Facility is to become a multi-disciplinary science and technology center for collective use.
Link to project website:
Ion Collider Facility NICA, JINR, Dubna
Location: Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna, Russia
Initiating organization: Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Period of project implementation: 2010-2023
Cost of the mega-science project: $540 million
Brief description, the primary purpose of the construction: The NICA Complex, a modern experimental-accelerator facility, will perform world-leading programs in long base line relativistic heavy ion physics and particle physics in the field of investigation of the nucleon spin structure; radiobiology, applied research and possibilities to train young scientists. It will be a unique facility worldwide as it will be able to support multiple research programs using a wide range of high intensity ion beams and modern experimental set-ups.
Link to project website:
Fourth Generation SR Source SSRS-4, NRC KI, Moscow
Location: NRC “Kurchatov Institute”; Protvino in Moscow Region is considered
Initiating organization: NRC “Kurchatov Institute”
Period of project implementation: 2017-2027
Costs of megascience project: ~ 1 billion Euro
Brief description, main purpose of the creation: The SSRS-4 project is designed to construct a brand new dedicated source of x-ray radiation – a source of synchrotron radiation of the 4th generation with three main characteristics: extremely high spatial coherence (corresponding to laser radiation), record brightness and temporal structure. It is expected that such facility will allow to carry out fundamental and applied research which may lead to breakthroughs in the field of condensed matter physics, nano- and biosystems, including hybrid systems, functional and biocompatible materials, medical diagnostic systems and targeted drug delivery and also to the innovation process in the field of superconductivity, magnetic systems, materials science, instrument engineering.
High Power Laser XCELS, IAP RAS, Nizhniy Novgorod
Location: Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (IAP RAS)
Initiating organization: IAP RAS
Period of project implementation: 2012-2025
Cost of the mega-science project: The estimated costs of the architectural design, construction, equipment, and furniture for XCELS as well as the implementation of the S&T program are about 12 billion rbls.
Brief description, the primary purpose of the construction: The goal of the Project is establishing a large research infrastructure – the Exawatt Center for Extreme Light Studies (XCELS) using sources of laser radiation with unprecedented giant (Exawatt) peak power.
Link to project website:
Lepton Collider STC, BINP, Novosibirsk
Location: Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (BINP), Novosibirsk, Russia
Initiating organization: Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics
Period of project implementation: 2017-2023
Cost of the mega-science project: Preliminary estimation: 37 billion rubles (in the prices of 2017)
Brief description, the primary purpose of the construction: The «Super Charm-Tau Factory» is an electron-positron collider facility operating in the center-of-mass energy range from 2 GeV to 5 GeV. The project is aimed at solving fundamental problems of particle physics.
Link to project website: https://ctd.inp.nsk.su/c-tau/
Fusion Project IGNITOR, NRC KI, Moscow
Location: SFT experimental complex in SRC RF «TRINITI», Troitsk.
Initiating organization: NRC «Kurchatov Institute».
Project implementation schedule: 2016-2024
Costs of megaproject: ~ 355 million euro
Brief description, main purpose of the creation: The Russian-Italian «IGNITOR» project is aimed at creating a tokamak with a strong magnetic field and a plasma density higher by more than an order of magnitude compared to «classical» tokamaks, in which the ignition of thermonuclear reactions will be achieved by the flowing current with the ohmic heating of the plasma.