Work Package 5

Science cooperation with the SSRS-4 synchrotron radiation source in the field of photon science

Work Package Lead: Harald Reichert

European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble (France)

Russian partner: NRC “Kurchatov Institute”

Further partners: MAX IV Laboratory, Lund (Sweden); European XFEL, Hamburg (Germany); DESY, Hamburg (Germany); A.V. Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography RAS, Moscow (Russia)


  • To identify and map the research interests of the Russian and European synchrotron radiation user communities with regard to a new Fourth generation synchrotron radiation sourceSSRS-4 planned for the construction in Russia;
  • to assess the resources needed to implement such a project; to work out actions and measures for advancing the design of SSRS-4 project and to aid in preparing an implementation plan as well as a conceptual design report (CDR);
  • to support the positioning of SSRS-4 in the context of the European synchrotron radiation facilities (including ESRF, PETRA III, Max IV, the European XFEL);
  • to ensure state of the art data management and storage for SSRS4-collaborations and for collaborations in photon science in general;
  • to set up an international scientific advisory committee for SSRS-4 project.


High-energy photon sources are universal tools that serve a very broad range of scientific disciplines including physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, environmental science, earth- and geo-sciences, materials science etc. Research based on high energy photons has a long tradition in Europe with a suite of national large scale user facilities (ALBA – ES, DLS – UK, ELETTRA – I, Soleil – F, ANKA – D, BESSY II – D, PETRA III – D, MAX IV – SE, SLS – CH, FLASH – D, SWISS-FEL – CH) in Western Europe as well as in Russia (SR facility at NRC KI, SR ring SIBIREA I and UV FEL at Budker INP Novosibirsk ). This is complemented by two multinational facilities in Western Europe (ESRF – F, the European XFEL – D). These facilities provide high energy photons from storage ring based sources as well as from linear accelerators that produce highly coherent, short-pulsed beams with very high peak and average brightness. With its engagement at European XFEL and the ESRF Russia is already an intimate part of the wider photon science community and is preparing to increase its commitment to photon science in Europe with the SSRS-4 project.

The photon science community is rapidly increasing with a constant demand for more capacity and new capabilities. This rapidly increasing demand is driven also by the unprecedented increase of the performance parameters of high energy photon sources opening new horizons in X-ray physics. Thanks to recently developed new accelerator concepts we can project that this trend of design of more and more perfect machines and increasing users demands will continue for at least another two decades. The progress in these concepts is connected with diffraction-limited storage rings (ultimate rings), energy recovery linear accelerators (recupperators) and quasi-continuous XFELs and others. It is clear that the upgrade of currently existing facilities (ESRF-UP, PETRA III, FLASH-II) will not be sufficient to correspond to the potential demands. The next generation facility will therefore be a large green field project with properly chosen parameters which should be complemented to existing facilities. The aim of work package 5 is to explore the needs of the Russian and European photon science user community and modern technical capabilities and identify the candidate facility/concept with the highest technical potential and scientific impact.


In this context it is most important to assess the status of the SSSRS-4 project and find ways to increase its visibility within the EU and Russian photon science community. The work package should also identify ways for enhanced collaboration in order to define a common policy towards a next generation photon science facility from the EU side as well as from the Russian side.

The realisation of such a facility is not possible without the joint efforts of the scientific community and research policy stakeholders


Task 5.1: Analysis of the existing and potential Russian X-ray user communities and demands

A review/analysis of the existing and potential Russian user base and capacities at national (NRC KI Moscow, Budker INP Novosibirsk) and international X-ray sources (e.g. ESRF, PETRA III) must be established as a starting point for the SSRS-4 project. Recommendations will be worked out on how to increase the involvement of Russian user communities domestically and abroad, including user community governance and organization.


Task 5.2: Prepare pathways towards a Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for a SSRS-4 RI

The demand and needs of the European photon science community will be assessed and put in a context with the possibilities of existing European facilities. The aim is to define a project that will outperform (from one side) and complement (from other sides) existing European high energy photon sources and will be the first of a new generation of highly performing high energy photon sources which should allow to achieve the highest possible level of scientific integration.


Task 5.3: Develop concepts on big data management in photon science

Managing a large amount of data is already a big challenge at existing facilities and will be even more so in the case of a next generation facility. New concepts will be explored that will tap on results from former FP7 projects as well as collaborate with new projects in Horizon 2020. This task will be carried out in close connection to WP2.


Task 5.4: Organize a workshop on internationalisation, access and user policy, governance with regard to SSRS-4

Existing national and multinational photon sources in Europe have developed a variety of models for governance, operation and user access in their respective facilities. Recommendations for the governance and user access will be worked out –in close exchange with WP2- in order to facilitate the highest possible level of support and acceptance for a SSRS-4 RI from all stakeholders.